What are the different types of pediatric nurses?

Although it may appear at first glance that only specialists deal with children in their development, once you understand the different types of pediatric nursing, you will realize that it goes much further.

Pediatric nurses have been providing necessary care to infants, children, and adolescents since the nineteenth century. However, if you want to become a pediatric nurse, you should understand what it is, the different types of pediatric nursing, the goals of this specialty, and other interesting facts.

If you want to work with children professionally, pediatric nursing may be a good fit for you. But what kind of pediatric nursing? We cordially invite you to read on.

What exactly is pediatric nursing?

Pediatric nursing is a subspecialty of nursing that focuses on the care of children from infancy to the end of adolescence. This specialty is important because it is part of pediatrics and is dedicated to caring for and researching the various aspects of growth and development in children.

Most pediatric medicine units require pediatric nurses to perform additional duties outside and inside the office with the physician. The pediatric nurse is also in charge of growth-regulated consultations.

The age of the child influences the health issues that may arise. Let us remember that in order to be healthy, intelligent adults with a proper lifestyle, we must be cared for and counseled during childhood, which is much of what pediatric nurses encourage.

So a career in pediatric nursing is more than a job: it is a calling.

Pediatric nursing specialties

To achieve your professional and personal goals, you should be familiar with the various types of pediatric nurses. Below, we will go over each type, including its demand in the country, functions, and data of interest.

Personalized nursing care

While direct care aims to alleviate children’s discomfort, it can also inform and assist them in learning about their well-being and emotions. Its goal is to assist the physician in achieving healing processes in care.

As living beings, we can suffer from various diseases; even children are affected in their development; however, pediatric direct care nurses can use their knowledge and skills to benefit children and families.

Neonatal care

This type of nursing is concerned with the newborn’s care and attention. However, neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that focuses solely on the care of newborn babies, whether they are healthy or not.

The neonatal period is only 4 weeks long, beginning with the adaptation to life outside the womb. Neonatal nursing specialists must provide appropriate care for each patient during this brief period of development while keeping the baby in his or her familiar environment.

This specialty first appeared in the nineteenth century, and it quickly spread throughout Europe and the United States. Nurses must use their skills and knowledge to care for children.

Nursing for developmental disabilities

Disability is a growing phenomenon in humanity, resulting in some health lifestyles being altered. The developmental disabilities nurse must specialize in order to provide care that promotes their independence.

It is critical that patients and family members receive adequate care in order to tolerate, understand, and interact correctly in order to benefit the patient. As a result, the primary care provided by developmental disabilities nurses is primarily concerned with pain management, skin care, and medication administration.

Furthermore, it is critical to instill in each patient a sense of calm, hope, and understanding of the processes that are taking place in the child. There are numerous methods for promoting recovery, including music therapy and recreational activities.

Pediatric palliative care nursing

This is one of the most important specialties because it provides medical care to children who have serious illnesses. Pediatric palliative nurses must show compassion in order to relieve the anxiety or stress of illness in both children and family members.

Serious medical conditions, genetic disorders, prematurity, cancer, and pulmonary conditions, to name a few. Essentially, pediatric nursing in this specialty should assist the child in improving his or her quality of life.


The various types of pediatric nurses are tailored to the needs that may arise during a child’s birth or development. In all cases, this specialty must keep a well-prepared professional profile and maintain open lines of communication with all relatives and children.

The goal of pediatric nursing will always be the same: to ensure the well-being of children and their families as they grow. However, understanding each type of pediatric nursing aids in recognizing the skills that can be obtained and committed to long term.


Marlene J. Shockley

My name is Marlene J. Shockley, and I am a Registered Nurse (RN). I have always been interested in helping people and Nursing seemed like the perfect career for me. After completing my Nursing Degree, I worked in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, and home health care. I have also had the opportunity to work as a Travelling Nurse, which has allowed me to see different parts of the country and meet new people. No matter where I am working, I enjoy getting to know my patients and their families and helping them through whatever medical challenges they may be facing.