In the nursing career, pediatrics is one of the different medical specialties that can be selected by students of this profession. Those who decide to train in this health sector focus on the care and medical attention of children and adolescents.
In addition to medical care, pediatric nurses must also provide counseling and medical consultations to healthy children and their families, allowing them to maintain their physical and emotional health in perfect condition.
Therefore, those who study pediatric nursing or wish to train as professionals in this health sector must be willing to constantly expand and update their skills, both in the clinical aspect, as well as in management, prevention and research.
Clinical objectives of the academic training
During the academic training of pediatric nursing students, they should acquire the necessary competencies to be able to provide adequate nursing care during childhood and adolescence.
For this purpose, they should be adequately trained and thus be able to attend, with the highest efficacy, quality and efficiency, the child and adolescent population, as well as their families. Therefore, it is necessary that they meet the following objectives:
- To know the resources available in the health system.
- Develop skills to use medical devices related to pediatric care.
- To use critical and reflective reasoning in health care practice.
- To recognize the role of the nursing professional in the attention and care of children and adolescents in the health system.
- Obtain the knowledge and develop the necessary skills to carry out clinical interviews during childhood and adolescence.
- Interpret the data collected in the clinical interview and proceed to act accordingly.
- Learn about the most common pathophysiological processes during childhood and adolescence, as well as the manifestation of these and the risk factors that can determine the state of health and disease during the stages of the life cycle.
- To base pediatric nursing interventions on scientific evidence and available means.
- Investigate, learn and apply alternative therapies specifically during child development.
- Apply general care during maternity to facilitate the adaptation of mothers and newborns, thus preventing any type of complications.
- To learn about the care of newborns.
- Promote education and health care to prevent the development of diseases.
- To use scientific evidence in pediatric nursing care.
- Encourage healthy lifestyles and self-care while supporting the development of preventive and therapeutic behaviors as children and adolescents grow.
- Engage in appropriate communication with patients, their families and co-workers in order to promote health education.
- To know the different groups of drugs for children and adolescents, as well as the principles of their authorization, their use and indication, in addition to their mechanisms of action in the body.
- To know the most common life-threatening situations in children and adolescents, as well as to learn how to perform basic and advanced life support maneuvers.
- To use the nursing process to guarantee the well-being, safety and quality of children and adolescents, as well as that of their families.
- To learn the most common health problems during childhood and adolescence, as well as to identify their manifestations in the body.
- Personalize care for children and adolescents according to their age, gender, ethnicity, values, beliefs and cultural differences.
- Examine assessment data of children and identify nursing problems as well as complications that may occur.
- Select interventions focused on healthy and sick children, in addition to those derived from diagnostic and treatment methods.
- Expand knowledge in nursing care techniques, allowing to establish a therapeutic relationship with children and adolescents, as well as with their families.
- To be able to educate parents or caregivers about the health and care of children and adolescents.
On the other hand, during their professional training as pediatric nurses, it is necessary that students of this career develop some generic competencies, such as:
- Recognize multiculturalism and diversity.
- Ability to work in interdisciplinary groups.
- Possessing the basic knowledge of pediatric nursing.
- The ability to synthesize and analyze information.
- Ethical commitment.
- Interpersonal skills.
- Generate practical and new ideas.
- Work under pressure.
In conclusion, the clinical objectives of pediatric nursing students is to ensure the welfare of children and adolescents, using their knowledge and skills learned during their academic training, allowing them to observe, analyze and provide appropriate care to understand diseases.
In this way, the clinical objectives for pediatric nursing students can be known.